Питальні займенники. Абсолютна форма присвійних займенників.
Розмовна тема: Мої захоплення.
Питальні займенники. Абсолютна форма присвійних займенників.
1. Поставити спеціальні запитання до виділених слів.
1. They went To New York.
2. It takes Four hours to get there.
3. I didn’t think Much of it.
4. He earns A hundred pounds a week.
5. My room is Twice as big as yours.
6. They left the country Ten years ago.
7. They came By bus.
8. The neighbours complained about The smell.
9. John bought the tickets.
10. The desks were Old.
11. I smoke Forty cigarettes a day.
12. The hotel was Awful.
13. The market is A stone’s throw from here.
14. I’d like to speak to Mr Jones, please.
15. This is Tom’s.
16. The new theatre Looks rather like a factory.
17.She went to the dance with George.
18. That one is longer.
19. He comes to London About once a month.
20. He’s Quick-tempered and impulsive.
2. Вставте в пропуски which або what
1. We’ve got red wine and white – ___ will you have?
2. ___ books did you read for last year’s English class?
3. ___ of the books on the list have you already read?
4. ___ French queen said, ‘Let them eat cake’?
5. ___’s your name?
6. ___ hand do you write with?
7. ___kind of car have you got?
8. ___ one is yours?
9. ___ party do you think will win the elections?
10.___ subject do you prefer, chemistry or physics?
11.___ was your favourite subject at primary school?
3. Вставте в пропуски which або what
— ___ did you do on holiday, Julie?
— I went to Egypt.
— Oh, really? ___ places did you see?
— Cairo, the Pyramids, Aswan and some others.
— ___ one did you like the best?
— I’m not sure. They were all fascinating.
— ___ did you think of Cairo?
— It’s very big, and there are a lot of tourists.
— ___ hotel did you stay in?
— I don’t remember it’s name. It was lovely, though.
— ___ did you buy there?
— I bought some nice rugs. Actually, I bought one for you. Look! ___ one would you like?
— They’re all beautiful. ___ of them do you prefer?
— I don’t mind. And look at these! ___ of these vases do you think your mother would like?
— She’d be happy with either of them. ___ are you going to do with the other one?
4. Вставте необхідний займенник.
1. Martin stood up and put ___ jacket on.
2. Helen hurt ___ foot very badly yesterday.
3. That dog ‘s hurt ___ tail.
4. They took___ coats off and sat down.
5. Look at the weather – and I’ve forgotten ___ raincoat again.
6. I’ll tell you everything if you promise to keep ___ mouth shut.
5. Перекладіть речення англійською мовою.
1. Це Алісина книга чи твоя, ти не знаєш? – Це її.
2. Чия це машина на дорозі ( drive ) ? – Я не знаю, не наша.
3. Прибери свої ноги зі столу. Його ніжки не дуже міцні.
4. Джон принесе гітару, а Кетрін – барабани.
5. Кріс та Пет ніколи не підстригають траву у своєму садку.
6. Вортони проводять серпень в нашій квартирі, а ми займаємо їхню.
7. Це моє пальто, і шарф мій теж.
1.Read and translate the following text.
Nearly everyone has a hobby of some kind to fill up his leisure hours. Hobby is a person’s occupation, something that he likes doing in free time. Is it necessary for a person to have a hobby? I think so. It is very important for us to do what we are really interested in or what we are good at. It lets us show our worth and become aware of the importance and usefulness of our life.
At the beginning of the century stamp collecting, playing the piano, guitar were very popular. As science and technology encourage inventions, many new hobbies and pastimes have appeared.
At present many people are fond of amateur photography: some are keen on wildlife photography, others collect pictorial records of their travels. Lots of people are keen on gardening now. I know people collecting old coins or old books or even autographs. My cousin sister’s favourite pastime is hiking and collecting items on her native town’s history. My grandfather’s hobby is carpentry. My grandmother is keen on gathering herbs.
Many young men are fond of computers and collect cassettes and CDs. I have a friend collecting toy pigs. My younger brother’s hobby is computer. He hopes to make his computer hobby his future profession. Playing computer games he became seriously interested in computers and now he uses a computer in his everyday life. It’s on the PC that he usually writes his school reports, listens to CDs and invents programmes and quests of computer games. His choice is sure to be both useful and interesting. In my opinion, having an interesting profession as well as an interesting hobby makes our life twice more exciting.
As for me, now I have no hobby at all. My time is very much taken up with studying at the University. But in my childhood I had many spare time interests. The difficulty was to know what hobby to take up – there were such dozens to choose from. I used to be most enthusiastic over a hobby for a while and then dropped it for something else. I liked to attend the “Skilful Hands” circle at school. I also joined the English-speaking club and sports club. Then I was the member of the literary society and the folk-dancing society. Then I collected match-box labels, postcards, and butterflies. Later, in my ninth years at school I began to be keen on petting animals. Taking care of rabbits, squirrels, hedgehog and a tortoise in our school pets corner gave me great pleasure. I also like flowers very much, so collected a fine herbarium of flowers.
2.Which leisure activity (right column) do you associate with the words in the left column?
A) summer, outdoors, sandwiches
B) ticket, orchestra, Mozart
C) clowns, acrobats, animals
D) gallery, painting, sculptures
E) music, friends, a cake with candles
F) sun, sand, relaxation
G) actors, play, stage
H) camera, places of interest, bus
I) evening, dancing, going out
J) fire, river, fish
1) going to a disco
2) sunbathing on the beach
3) having a picnic
4) going fishing
5) going to a concert
6) having a birthday party
7) going to the circus
8) visiting a picture gallery
9) going to the theatre
10) going on an excursion
3.The words in the word boxes describe different activities. Say what activities they describe. Now choose the activity that you like most of all and describe it in as much detail as you can.
To unlock the door to nature’s secrets
To enjoy picturesque places
To watch birds and animals
To examine mysteries of plants
To spend a lot of time in the open air
To enjoy a landscape to the full
To sleep out
To read about great artists of the past
To collect books on art
To learn to draw or paint
To take lessons of drawing
To buy paper, brushes, …
To make sketches outdoors
To go to picture galleries
To feed regularly
To take for a walk
To show to a vet
To train pets
To teach tricks
The best way to relax
To enjoy the beauty of smth
To spend a weekend in the garden
To plant flowers, bushes
To look after
To water the plants
A large collection of flowers
To read books about theatre
To visit regularly/occasionally
To watch performances/films
A comedy/a musical show
To go to the cinema with smb (alone)
To be fond of music
To collect records, CDs
To go to concerts
To play a musical instrument
To take musical lessons
To go in for dancing
To collect badges (stamps, postcards, pictures, books, coins …)
Famous collections and exhibitions
To get some knowledge of history
To exchange things
To ask for advice
To join clubs
To learn to cook
To make new dishes
To boil/fry meat (fish, chicken…)
To cook for the family (for your friends)
To make soups (sauces, desserts)
To be good at cooking smth
To use spice (vinegar, oil, pepper …)
To set/lay the table beautifully
A) Look at the list of hobbies and pastimes and say which of them are:
1) active / non-active, 2) outdoor / indoor, 3) noisy / quiet,
4) expensive / cheap, 5) really intellectual / less intellectual.
B) Say how you feel about all these different kinds of activities, use:
1) can’t stand / hate, 2) don’t mind, 3) fond of, 4) really love / like very much, 5)don’t like.
4.Describe a)your hobby, b)your friend’s hobby, c)the hobby of one of your relatives.
5.Convince your friends that your hobby is the most interesting one.
6.Read and translate the text.
Giles Mildmay, 24, is a professional cook for three years. His father, George, owns a two-hundred-acre farm in Devon. The family have farmed in Devon for over three hundred years.
I think I’ve always been interested in food. My grandparents (on my mother’s side) lived in a huge old manor house in Lincolnshire and they had a wonderful cook. She made fantastic standard English food; her roast beef and Yorkshire pudding was out of this world. I often went down to the kitchen and watched her work, and I picked up a lot of cooking tips from her. I realised that I wanted to be a cook when I was about 12. I went to a boarding school and when other boys chose to do sport, I chose cookery. By the time I was 15, I had taken over the cooking at home for my parents’ dinner parties, and I had started to make up my own recipes. I knew that my parents didn’t want me to become a cook, so I decided to introduce them slowly to the idea. I told them that I wanted to do a cookery course for fun, and I went for a month to a hotel in Torquay. I enjoyed it so much. It was time to tell my parents about my choice. At first there was silence, and then my father asked me why. I explained that cooking was like painting a picture or writing a book. Every meal was an act of creation. My father didn’t get angry, he just smiled. My mother kissed me. Now I have my own restaurant and I think my parents are proud of me.
7.Answer the following questions.
What is Giles Mildmay?
When did he become interested in cookery?
Did Giles’ parents agree with his decision?
8.Is Giles lucky? Is his profession an ideal combination of a job and a hobby? Why do you think so? Would you like to combine your job with your hobby?
9.Speak on these situations:
1. You talk with a new friend about your hobbies.
2. You tell your friend about your collection.
3. You exchange stamps (coins, badges, post-card) with your fellow collectors.
4. You tell somebody about the spare time interests of your fellow mates.
5. You tell a new fellow mate about the hobby groups (clubs and societies) of your university.
6. You discuss with a friend the sense of collecting stamps (labels, post-cards).
7. You discuss with your friends the problem of hobbies and professional interests.
8. You are a young naturalist speaking about your pets corner.
9. Two amateur anglers discuss their catch.
10. Read the dialogues as the example of doing your own ones.
– What is your hobby, Henry?
– It’s collecting old books. There are already six hundred of them in my library.
– Do you read them, too?
– Well but reading is not important. It is the process of collecting them itself that interests me.
– Do you think Jill will come to the party tonight?
– Certainly. She is crazy about dancing.
– Do you mean to say dancing is her hobby?
– Oh, yes. She dances well and she would dance day and night.
– I’ve got some extra postage stamps to exchange.
– What series?
– It’s a special series of British authors.
– Oh, those stamps must be very interesting, but unfortunately they’re out of my line. I collect only the stamps of African states.
– I wonder why are you so keen on collecting old coins? What’s the use of it?
– Well, from the financial point of view it isn’t of much use, really. I don’t get any richer. But old coins tell much of the history of human society.
– Ah, you want to become a historian?
– I haven’t thought of it yet.
– Don’t move! There’s a butterfly on your head. I’ll just catch it.
– Don’t torture the poor thing! What do you need it for?
– We’re gathering a large collection of beetles and butterflies for our naturalistic society, you know, and this is sure to be the most valuable specimen.
– It’s very well, but next time, please, don’t strike so heavily on the thing where they sit.